American Foreign Policy and Process (5th Edition)

American Foreign Policy and Process (5th Edition)

James M. McCormick

Language: English

Pages: 697

ISBN: 0495189812

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This comprehensive text examines the way foreign policy has changed from its earliest years through the post-9/11 years and beyond. It also looks at the ways values and beliefs about foreign policy have changed over the course of U.S. history and demonstrates how the values and beliefs of a variety of domestic factors affect the foreign policy decision-making process.

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rhetorical nature of U.S. policy and argued for the measured American reaction to changing events: “I admit that when all is said and done it is a policy largely of stated desires and rhetoric. But what would you have us do? What we are dealing with in Eastern Europe, and to a lesser extent in the Soviet Union, is a revolutionary situation.”34 Once revolutionary change was well under way, however, the Bush administration did outline some tangible policies regarding Central Europe, the

on the reconstruction of its economy and society after the war’s devastation, it would have even further incentives to seek postwar stability and peace. According to one well-known political analyst, there was another reason for Roosevelt to think that this cooperation could continue: the power of personal diplomacy.12 Because he had steered American policy toward the recognition of the Soviet Union, shared Stalin’s anxiety over British imperialism, and seemed to acknowledge Soviet interests in

veto.) Although some fourteen other nations ultimately sent forces to Korea, the bulk of the war effort was America’s.72 Indeed, the commander of all UN and U.S. forces was General Douglas MacArthur. The American-led effort in Korea fared badly at first. After the allied troops were driven to a small enclave around Pusan in Southeast Korea, the North Koreans were poised to overrun the entire peninsula. In September 15, 1950, however, General MacArthur executed his Inchon landing near Seoul behind

the Nicaraguan Contras. In October 1984, Congress had cut off all military assistance to the Contras with the passage of the most restrictive version of the Boland Amendments. (Named after Congressman Edward Boland of Massachusetts, these were a series of measures attached to defense appropriations bills and a continuing resolution from 1982 to 1986 aimed at shaping policy toward Nicaragua [see Chapter 8].) In light of congressional action, high administration officials almost immediately

(the national parliament). See “Focus on the National Elections in West Germany on March 6, 1983,” p. 6, and “Focus on the Results of the National Elections in the Federal Republic of Germany on March 6, 1983,” p. 2. Both are published by the German Information Center. 106. Paul E. Sigmund, “Latin America: Change or Continuity?” in Bundy, ed., America and the World 1981, p. 636. 149 S N L 149 150 S N L 150 PART I VALUES AND POLICIES IN AMERICAN FOREIGN AFFAIRS 107. George Gallup,

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