American Settler Colonialism: A History

American Settler Colonialism: A History

Walter L. Hixson

Language: English

Pages: 517


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Retail quality

Over the course of three centuries, American settlers spread throughout North America and beyond, driving out indigenous populations to establish exclusive and permanent homelands of their own. In doing so, they helped to create the richest and most powerful nation in human history, even as they caused the death and displacement of millions of people. This groundbreaking historical synthesis demonstrates that the United States is and has always been fundamentally a settler colonial society—and, indeed, that its growth as a country represents the most sweeping, violent, and significant instance of the phenomenon in history. Linking episodes too often treated in isolation—including Indian removal, the Mexican and Civil Wars, and the settlement of Alaska and Hawaii—it upends many familiar categories of US history and presents a compelling yet disturbing framework through which to understand America’s rise to global dominance.

“The strengths of this book include its commitment to a clearly stated theoretical foundation, its concern about the under reporting of the violence and violation to human beings at the core of this history, and its intention to incorporate a comparative element. It integrates Native American history into American history narratives and does important work in bringing the U.S.-Mexico War and other colonial conflicts into the analysis.” —Sherry L. Smith, University Distinguished Professor of History and Associate Director of the Clements Center for Southwest Studies, Southern Methodist University, USA

“This book is an important achievement. Hixson applies to American history the findings of settler colonial studies as a global intellectual endeavor.” —Lorenzo Veracini, Associate Professor, Swineburne University of Technology, Australia, and Managing Editor, Settler Colonial Studies

“Hixson has synthesized the history of English/American settler colonialism of American Indian peoples through the latest settler colonial theories. There is no other work out there like this, and this kind of synthesis is much needed. In particular, he shows the thread between conflagrations that are often treated distinctly from one another: the US-Mexican War, the Civil War, the Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War.” —Margaret Jacobs, Chancellor's Professor of History, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA

The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape

American Stories: A History of The United States, Combined Volume (2nd Edition)

The Rich And The Rest Of Us: A Poverty Manifesto

San Francisco's Fillmore District (Images of America)





















64.   An abundant literature exists on Jackson and the Indians. Two standard accounts are Robert V. Remini, Andrew Jackson and His Indian Wars (New York: Viking, 2001) and Anthony F. C. Wallace, The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993). 65.   William E. Unrau, The Rise and Fall of Indian Country, 1825–1855 (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2007), 61–62; Alfred A. Cave, “Abuse of Power: Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act of 1830,” The

perhaps to assuage feelings of traumatic guilt within the settler community, “the scripture declareth that women and children must perish with their parents … We had sufficient light from the Word of God for our proceedings.” The Pequot War “cast a long shadow” as the narrative of martial triumph of providentially destined settlers over devilish and savage foes “became a vital part of the mythology of the American frontier.”42 Ambivalent relations encompassing trade and acculturation resumed in

relentless American drive against all Indian homelands. The British and their Indian allies thus sought to destroy and terrorize vulnerable pockets of rebellion in the backcountry in order to undermine morale and divert American military resources from other battlefields.46 In July 1778 in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, the Iroquois Confederation joined British forces under Colonel John Butler in a massacre of settlers. The attack centered on the township of Wilkes-Barre, which had been

Manifest Destiny blended “revolutionary nationalism, evangelical Christianity, and material self-interest.”23 While choosing a path to war against Mexico, Polk backed down from a fatuous claim to the 54-degree line of latitude in the northwest, thus averting a potential casus belli with the fellow “Anglo-Saxon” British. In 1846, the Oregon Treaty freed the United States of concern that Britain might intervene on Mexico’s behalf or try to take California for itself, neither of which, however, had

ideal breeding ground for guerrilla war. From Memphis, William Tecumseh Sherman warned Arkansas officials, “You initiate the game, and my word for it your people will regret it long after you pass from earth.”97 Bushwhacking guerrillas ignored the Yankee general by picking off Union troops, attacking steamboats, federal riverboats, and carrying out hit-and-run raids, but Sherman proved as good as his word. The Union army hunted down guerrillas with orders to “shoot them whenever found … not one

Download sample