The Stalin Era (Routledge Sources in History)

The Stalin Era (Routledge Sources in History)

Philip Boobbyer

Language: English

Pages: 270

ISBN: 0415182980

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This book provides a wide-ranging history of every aspect of Stalin's dictatorship over the peoples of the Soviet Union. Drawing upon a huge array of primary and secondary sources, The Stalin Era is a first-hand account of Stalinist thought, policy and and their effects. It places the man and his ideology into context both within pre-Revolutionary Russia, Lenin's Soviet Union and post-Stalinist Russia. The Stalin Era examines:
* collectivisation
* industrialisation
* terror
* government
* the Cult of Stalin
* education and Science
* family
* religion: The Russian Orthodox Church
* art and the state.

A History of Women in Russia: From Earliest Times to the Present

The Gulag Archipelago, 1918-1956

Conflict in the Former USSR

Dead Mountain: The Untold True Story of the Dyatlov Pass Incident

Death of a Dissident: The Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko and the Return of the KGB

Stalingrad: The City that Defeated the Third Reich




















essential to accept it. Failure to do so was factionalism and merited severe punishment. The strengthening of central control over the party was a response to two opposition groups: the Democratic Centralists, who wanted a return to genuine elections and debate within the party; and the Workers’ Opposition, which sought to combat a perceived rift between the party and the working class. It was also an attempt by the leadership to preserve its political control while the market was introduced. It

Congress of Victors at full production capacity. Therefore, I ask you, Marfa, to talk to your husband heart to heart, read him my letter. You, Marfa, explain to Iakov Stepanovich that he just can’t go on working the way he has. Persuade him that he must work honorably, conscientiously, like a shock worker. Teach him to understand the words of comrade Stalin, that work is a matter of honor, glory, valor, and heroism. You tell him that if he does not correct himself and continues to work poorly, he

Zechka: A female prisoner Source: Slovar’ tiuremno-lagerno-blatnogo zhargona, 1992, p. 93. The labour camps have given rise to some great memoirs and literature. Frequently, their power is due to stories of human survival (see Document 11.14). For most people, however, the camps were a place of cruelty and degradation. Varlam Shalamov’s collection of short stories, Kolyma Tales, offers an insight into the brutalising effect of camp life on ordinary people in the infamous Kolyma region. One

nation. Wartime propaganda stressed the ‘national patriotic’ theme. The following poster by Irakly Toidze, which employs the emotionally powerful idea of the ‘motherland’ and invites comparison with the famous Kitchener poster of the First World War, was released in the summer of 1941. The mother in the poster invites the audience to make the oath of commitment which she is holding up and which is translated below. Document 8.13 ‘The Mother Country Calls’ [See opposite] Source: Russian State

Patriarchate. Tikhon, the new Patriarch, was at once confronted with the problem of how to deal with the state. The 1918 Constitution established the formal separation of Church and State, stating that freedom of both religious and anti-religious propaganda was permitted. However, the State was not in practice neutral towards the Church and Lenin himself had a profound hatred of religion. During the Red Terror, for example, many clergy were arrested and shot. Tikhon called for spiritual

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